Measure economic productivity with application examples

Economic productivity plays a key role in the development and growth of businesses and economies. It measures the efficiency with which resources are used to produce goods and services.

Measure economic productivity allows businesses and governments to identify areas for improvement and make informed decisions to increase their efficiency and competitiveness.

In this article, we will explore what economic productivity is, the different indicators used to measure it, the methods of calculation and its application in different economic sectors.

What is economic productivity?

Definition of economic productivity

Economic productivity is a key indicator that measures the amount of output achieved per unit of resources used, such as labor and capital. High productivity indicates that businesses or economies are using their resources efficiently to produce more goods and services.

The importance of measuring productivity

Measuring economic productivity is essential for assessing the efficiency of resource use and identifying potential inefficiencies. This allows businesses to take steps to improve their production processes and governments to formulate growth-friendly economic policies.

Economic productivity indicators

Labor productivity

Labor productivity measures output per unit of labor, usually expressed in terms of output per hour worked or per employee.

Capital productivity

Capital productivity measures the output per unit of capital invested, which helps to assess the efficiency of the use of equipment and infrastructure.

Multifactor productivity

Multifactor productivity takes into account several factors of production, such as labour, capital and technologies, to measure the overall efficiency of production.

Methods of measuring economic productivity

production method

The production method measures productivity by comparing the output produced with the resources used to produce it. This allows the productivity of labor and capital to be calculated.

Cost method

The cost method measures productivity by comparing the costs of production with the revenue generated by the sale of goods and services. This allows the productivity of value added to be calculated.

Value added method

The value added method measures productivity by comparing the value added by the business with the resources used. This allows the overall production efficiency to be assessed.

Examples of the application of the measurement of economic productivity

Manufacturing companies

In manufacturing companies, the measurement of productivity makes it possible to assess the efficiency of the production chain, machines and workers. This helps companies to optimize their production, reduce costs and improve their competitiveness in the market.

Agricultural sector

In the agricultural sector, productivity is measured in terms of output per hectare or per unit of work. High productivity in agriculture makes it possible to produce more food and meet the growing needs of the population.

Service sector

In the service sector, productivity is measured by the quality of the services provided and the time required to deliver them. Improved productivity in this sector can translate into increased customer satisfaction and sustained economic growth.

Analysis and interpretation of productivity results

Analyzing productivity results highlights areas where improvements are needed. Businesses can identify bottlenecks and inefficiencies in their production process, while governments can identify sectors that need support to drive economic growth.

Usefulness of measuring economic productivity

The measurement of economic productivity is essential to assess the performance of companies and economies in a competitive context. This helps identify best practices and implement continuous improvement strategies to ensure sustainable economic growth.

Practical exercises on the calculation of economic productivity

Exercise 1: Calculation of labor productivity

A company produced 1000 units of product and used 250 labor hours to produce them. Calculate labor productivity.

Exercise 2: Calculation of capital productivity

A factory generated 5,000 units of product using machines worth 200,000 euros. Calculate the productivity of capital.

Exercise 3: Calculating multifactor productivity

A farm produced 2000 kg of grain using 100 hours of labor and equipment worth 50,000 euros. Calculate multifactor productivity.

Corrected exercises

Answer key for exercise 1

  • Labor productivity = Total output / Number of working hours
  • Labor productivity = 1000 units / 250 hours
  • Labor productivity = 4 units per working hour

Answer key for exercise 2

  • Capital productivity = Total production / Capital value
  • Capital productivity = 5000 units / 200,000 euros
  • Capital productivity = 0.025 units per euro of invested capital

Answer key for exercise 3

  • Multifactor productivity = Total production / (Number of working hours + Value of equipment)
  • Multifactor productivity = 2000 kg / (100 hours + 50,000 euros)
  • Multifactor productivity = 0.039 kg per hour of work and euro of equipment


The measurement of economic productivity is a powerful tool for assessing the efficiency of resource use in the production of goods and services.

By using the right indicators and applying the right calculation methods, businesses and governments can make informed decisions to improve their productivity and stimulate economic growth.

Productivity measurement is an ongoing process that requires regular analysis to identify areas for improvement and stay competitive in the market.


What is economic productivity and why is it important?

What are the main indicators of economic productivity?

How do we measure the productivity of labor and capital?

What are the methods for calculating economic productivity?

How is productivity measurement applied in different economic sectors?

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